Cuba Geography

You might be familiar with its beaches, but Cuba geography covers a lot more range than just that. It’s an island just on the edge of the Caribbean, and runs 745 miles long. Cuba is fairly narrow, with a width between 124 miles and 22 miles (depending on where you are measuring).

There are actually several islands that make up the country of Cuba, though the main island is by far the largest of them. Aside from that, the main groups of smaller islands are the Colorados, the Sabana-Camaguey, the Jardines de la Reina and the Canarreos.

Where is Cuba?

The island is on the edge of the Caribbean Sea, and is situated about 50 miles west of Haiti and 90 miles south of Florida. For a bit more comparison, Cuba is also 90 miles north of Jamaica. The exact position of the middle of the island has global coordinates of 21°30’N 80°00’W.

Cuba geography

A basic map of Cuba geography

Cuba’s Terrain

Most of Cuba geography is flat with some mountain ranges in the south-eastern end of the island. The highest point is in the Sierra Maestra range, at just over 6,500 ft above sea level. Some of the coastal regions have mangrove swamps as well as the many beautiful beaches.

The Climate

The climate in Cuba is classed as tropical and there is a rainy season between May and October. The island is also frequently hit with hurricanes given its location in the Caribbean, and tourists should try not to book any vacations in September or October due to possible extreme weather. The coldest temperatures are just around 70F (21C) in January, and it can get up to 81F (27C) in July.

Cities in Cuba

The capital city of Havana is on the northern coast of the island, towards the western end. The historic site of Trinidad (not to be confused with the country Trinidad and Tobago) is on the south coast, roughly in the middle of the island. And at the eastern end of Cuba, is Santiago de Cuba, another popular tourist destination.

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