Cuba Facts

A handy list of all the basic Cuba facts you might want to know:

Population: 11,177,743, according to 2002 census

Largest city: Havana, with more than 4 million people

Distance from Florida: 90 miles (145 km)

Geographic location: 21°30’N 80°00’W

Length: 745 miles (1,200 km)

Width: between 124 and 22 miles (200 and 35 km), depending on where its measured.

Area: 42,803 sq mi (110,861 km2)

Official language: Spanish

Official religion: none (atheist)

Currency: Cuban peso and the Cuban convertible peso

Time zone: UTC-5 (or GMT-5)

Life expectancy: 76.2 years for men, 80.4 years for women

Major exports: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, nickel and fish

Important Dates in Cuban History

1511 – first settled by the Spanish
1868 – declared independence from Spain
1902 – republic officially declared
1953 – Castro begins his fight for revolution
1959 – Castro’s revolution succeeds against Batista
1961 – Bay of Pigs invasion
1962 – American embargo begins
1962 – Cuban missile crisis
1976 – Cuba’s Communist party becomes the sole authority in government
1991 – Soviet Union collapses and Cuba loses a major economic ally
2007 – Raul Castro takes over as acting president as Fidel Castro falls ill

<< Go back to the main Facts about Cuba page